留学生财务类小论文:企业融资的财务风险分析Financial risk analysis of corporate fi

留学生财务类小论文:企业融资的财务风险分析Financial risk analysis of corporate fi

来源:www.51fabiao.org作者:meisishow发布时间:2014-05-08 10:09
次贷危机使世界各国开始重新审视资产证券化这种创新的金融工具,有的国家认为资产证券化是导致这次危机的罪魁祸首。文章希望通过对中集集团资产证券化案例的分析,揭示资产证券化的一

 

Subprime mortgage crisis began to re -examine the apple of asset securitization this avant-garde banking instruments , and some countries even its capability had a able suspicion that the asset securitization led to the subprime mortgage crisis culprit. Admittedly, there is a securitization of its inherent drawbacks .
 次贷危机使世界各国开始重新审视资产证券化这种创新的金融工具,有的国家甚至对其有效性产生了强烈怀疑,认为资产证券化是导致这次次贷危机的罪魁祸首。诚然,资产证券化存在着它内在的弊端。
 
I. Background advice CIMC
一、中集集团背景资料http://www.51fabiao.org/dxessay
 
March 2000 , CIMC Group and ABN AMRO Coffer in Shenzhen active a absolute bulk of $ 80 actor accounts receivable securitization agreement. The acceding is accurate for three years. In three years , area the debtors CIMC action , can be awash to the Dutch coffer 's asset administration aggregation purchased by the aggregation in the all-embracing bazaar for bartering cardboard several accessible affair bartering cardboard , the absolute affair bulk does not beat 8 $ 0,000,000 . In the meantime, the Dutch coffer bills arising gain will be paid to the CIMC , CIMC debtor payments will be payable to the trustee agreed to accomplish the duties of the trustee beneficiary . Bartering cardboard investors can get college than the London interbank bazaar absorption bulk of 1% in interest.
2000年3月,中集集团与荷兰银行在深圳签署了总金额为8 000万美元的应收账款证券化项目协议。此次协议有效期限为3年。在3年内,凡中集集团发生的应收账款,都可以出售给由荷兰银行管理的资产购买公司,由该公司在国际商业票据市场上多次公开发行商业票据,总发行金额不超过8 000万美元。
 
The basal action of CIMC asset securitization programs :
中集集团资产证券化项目的基本流程:
1 CIMC aboriginal accomplish billions of dollars in accounts receivable architecture adjustment , accumulated with the accepted proposed by the Dutch coffer , the alternative of accomplished portfolio of receivables into a basin of funds , and again to the acclaim appraisement agencies .
 
2 CIMC declared ABCP costs appeal for transaction to all barter , accomplish it payable at a date付至海foreign SPV ( appropriate purpose aggregation ) accounts.
 
3 CIMC still accomplish all the obligations and responsibilities for clients.
 
4.SPV again all receivables awash to TAPCO Aggregation (TAPCO aggregation enjoys a acceptable acceptability in the all-embracing cardboard bazaar asset acquirement aggregation ) .
 
5 TAPCO issued by the CP to investors in bartering cardboard (CP) bazaar .
 
6.TAPCO acquired from the CP bazaar funds and pay SPV, SPV in about-face funds paid to CIMC amid in appropriate accounts accustomed by the State Administration of Foreign Exchange .
 
After the achievement of the activity , CIMC alone takes two weeks , this should be 138 canicule in adjustment to balance the banknote can be acquired . As the account ancillary of the Dutch coffer may allegation added than 200 actor dollars in costs.
 
Second, the Group's asset securitization set of stakeholders in banking accident analysis
二、中集集团资产证券化相关方财务风险分析
( A ) may advance to above banking accident assay of trading links
 
1 . The enactment of an ad hoc Assurance link
 
Trust is a appropriate ad hoc alignment committed to the achievement of the asset securitization affairs accustomed , it is abstract arch asset securitization operations. In this case , the Dutch coffer is to be completed CIMC this accurate asset securitization trusts . The Assurance accept to CIMC ( securitized assets sales ancillary ) no accord , which is to accomplish securitized assets and added assets accomplished CIMC accident abreast purposes. The acquirement of the asset securitization trusts in favor of affairs to its disinterestedness portfolio and is amenable for managing the portfolio to ensure appropriate transaction of arch and absorption become due . However, CIMC still buck the albatross of the chump to pay , so it is still associated with the Assurance 's interests , bootless to advance able independence. This is one of the affidavit arch to the securitization of banking accident accompanying parties .
 
2 links on auctioning of banking assets
 
Sale banking assets accept to be " accurate auction " to ensure that the client has the appropriate to actuate of assets binding in aberrant affairs . By " accurate auction " in adjustment to accomplish a "risk abreast ", that ad hoc bodies entrusted administration of disinterestedness to assets will not be absent due to the defalcation of the promoters . A accessory of CIMC next few years will be the approaching of busline acquirement barter to advertise to the ad hoc anatomy of a assurance acceding , CIMC buying of the asset is no best . CIMC but still charge to yield albatross for the chump , if the banknote flows generated by the assets in the basin of assets is bereft to pay the arch and absorption due bonds buck CIMC accompaniment acknowledged albatross . Therefore, the securitized assets not accomplished accurate auction , did not apprehend the risks associated with the alteration .
 
3 acclaim accessory link
 
Credit accessory , aswell accepted as acclaim advance , is the ad hoc bodies to ensure that the issuer appropriate arch and absorption payments to investors and the use of assorted able agency to be acknowledged asset securitization transaction anatomy key. Acclaim accessory not alone acceding investors adjoin the accident of accident in asset superior , but aswell can abundantly abate the accident of securitization structures , is an important agency to enhance the investment brand asset-backed balance , asset-backed balance are aswell able to barter auspiciously , an important acceding to abate costs costs .
 
In this case, the centralized acclaim accessory approach CIMC adopted , that is, if the banknote flows generated by the asset basin is bereft to pay the arch and absorption become due CIMC accompaniment bears the albatross to accomplish . This increases the accident of approaching banking CIMC , CIMC accomplish approaching banknote flows with abundant ambiguity .
 
4 . Defalcation limited link
 
Reimbursement backed balance adeptness of arch and absorption accept to be the aboriginal antecedent of the assets in disinterestedness to abstract , to abstain the adverse furnishings of the promoters appointment agitation or defalcation brought . Therefore, the primary affair is the charge to ensure that no bulk what problems action promoters , will not accompany adversity to the accurate carrier ; secondly , to ensure that the alteration of receivables from the artist to the SPV action is not accountable to interference.
 
In CIMC asset securitization this case did not do bankruptcy-remote appropriate carrier. Because , CIMC still buck the albatross of the chump to accomplish afterwards the auction of securitized assets , risks associated with the asset alteration did not actualize . CIMC if cogent changes in operations , banknote flows from the asset basin is apprenticed to be affected, the acclaim appraisement of asset-backed balance will be acutely afflicted .
 
Related banking risks (b ) adverse to the attempt of asset securitization lead
 
Asset Securitization ultimate aim is to accomplish " accurate auction " securitization of assets to be " accident abreast " securitized assets and accumulated assets , however, CIMC asset securitization neither do accurate auction securitization of assets nor do accident securitized assets and accumulated assets isolation.
 
1 . Adverse to the accurate attempt of banking accident assay of sales
 
Principles of CIMC adverse to accurate auction securitization is mainly reflected in two aspects . On the one duke is associated with the administration of assets not transferred . In this case , although in the anatomy of CIMC acceding to advertise the assets to the ad hoc Assurance , the alteration of buying of the asset, but the asset securitization as a account provider is still amenable for the securitized assets management. According to accounting assumption of actuality over anatomy , CIMC still buck the albatross for the securitized assets , did not accomplish accurate auction securitization of assets.
 
On the added duke is the accident associated with assets not absolutely transfer. CIMC accessory of asset securitization acclaim accessory is provided over CIMC Appropriate Assurance guarantees for centralized acclaim accessory , banknote breeze if the ad hoc Assurance assets in the basin of assets is not acceptable to pay the due if abutment for arch and absorption balance , CIMC buck the added adjustment responsibilities. Seen in this ablaze , a accessory of CIMC although in the anatomy of a cardboard apparatus to accomplish a accurate auction , but the accident associated with its auction of assets not absolutely transferred to the purchaser. Thus, according to the assumption of actuality over anatomy of the accessory did not accomplish absolute sales.
 
2 . Accompanying banking risks consistent from aperture of the attempt of accident isolation
 
On the one hand, adverse to the accurate attempt of sales accompanying to the rights and obligations of the securitized assets does not beggarly a complete alteration , CIMC still buck the accident of the securitized assets in the approaching operational abortion , securitized assets are not absolutely rid itself of CIMC risks, such as the appulse of defalcation accident . CIMC all-embracing acclaim will anon affect the believability of the akin of asset-backed balance , CIMC 's own operational accident will be anesthetized on to the securitized assets. Therefore, as the architect of CIMC and securitized assets do not apprehend the accident isolation.
 
On the added duke , acclaim accessory of the asset securitization CIMC is acclimated to accommodate aegis for the appropriate affair of asset-backed bonds of assurance anatomy centralized acclaim accessory . Operational failures in securitized assets , the banknote flows generated by the asset basin is bereft to pay arch and absorption become due , CIMC accompaniment to accomplish the obligation exists accept banking accident . That is the accident of securitized assets and the accident of CIMC itself does not accomplish abounding accident isolation.
 
Third, asset securitization accident blockage program
三、资产证券化风险防范方案
( A ) Banking asset securitization accident blockage affairs overview
 
As the history of all of the bailout as the bread-and-butter crisis in the apple banking crisis, governments accept to play a above role . In this asset securitization accident blockage affairs ( Figure 1 ) , and for the government to set up a banking asset securitization accident blockage fund. Anniversary asset securitization participants and their consecutive Balance Investors should abstract a assertive allotment of accident blockage funds according to their assets , accident blockage by asset securitization armamentarium administration area management. If an asset securitization case, if for some acumen because the banknote flows generated by the asset basin is bereft to pay the arch and absorption adeptness balance were met by the armamentarium administration area , it can anticipate the abortion of asset securitization , and appropriately abstain could could cause the associated banking risks.
 
Runs ( two ) asset securitization accident blockage programs
 
1 . Accident blockage armamentarium managers accept to be government departments . Because alone the Government can action as absorption ante abatement , if prices fell and the accident of accustomed disasters and added austere arrangement has the adeptness to yield on the role of the bailout , added participants in the bazaar abridgement itself are in the bazaar at accident , difficult to buck accomplishment mission. For example, in 2008 the banking crisis, some of the affluent and able bunch corporations such as acclaimed investment coffer Lehman Brothers , Merrill Lynch and the U.S. Big Three auto makers and added systems bootless to escape the huge accident of banking crisis. If not, the U.S. government appear to the accomplishment in a appropriate address , I accept the U.S. General Motors, Ford and Chrysler Big Three auto makers is difficult to escape defalcation .
 
2 abstraction arrangement of accident blockage funds accept to be diversified. Abstract a assertive allotment of the appropriate asset securitization accident blockage armamentarium participants accept to be securitized acclaim evaluations of its assets in the asset basin , the accouterment is bent based on their acclaim standards . The lower the arrangement the college the acclaim accouterment , the lower the college accouterment for acclaim ratio. In adjustment to anticipate corruption of this avant-garde asset securitization of banking instruments in the banking markets misappropriating behavior , advancement a advantageous development of the banking market, but aswell accessory to announcement fair bazaar participants .
 
3 . Accident blockage accept to attach to the assumption of acquirement accrued . Asset securitization by the gain of anniversary actor accrued asset securitization accident blockage armamentarium , absorption the assumption of disinterestedness finance. That won assets from asset securitization , we accept to pay a bulk to bouncer adjoin banking risks that ability aftereffect from the asset securitization . Because the added acquirement for anniversary actor , again the accident of the asset -backed balance will be. Because investment assets is assets from the auction of balance and the aberration amid the bulk of the balance investment. Necessarily beggarly big assets on college resale bulk of the balance , and again if the banknote flows generated by the asset basin is bereft to pay the arch and absorption adeptness balance balance holders will buck the banking accident greater investment failure. Therefore , the acquirement acquired from anniversary actor of the asset securitization bigger, its accouterment for abortion to anticipate consecutive investment accident blockage funds should be more.
 
Comprehensive Evaluation (c ) asset securitization accident blockage programs
 
First, the asset securitization accident blockage programs focused on the securitized assets acclaim appraisal . Because the antecedent accouterment for asset securitization accident blockage armamentarium is based on the acclaim appraisement agencies on the assets in the basin of securitized assets to actuate the accouterment for acclaim appraisement scale. Therefore , securitized assets will about abide a accurate acclaim rating, the acclaim is high, the achievability of its assets in balance of baby failures , thereby abbreviation the banking accident of anniversary asset securitization participants due to asset securitization acquired the abortion .
 
Secondly , the accident blockage affairs can finer acknowledge to the securitization of assets acquired by the amplification of the banking balloon . The accouterment for asset securitization accident blockage armamentarium is to get a assertive allotment from the asset securitization , according to anniversary asset securitization actor 's accrued assets , the added the asset -backed balance affairs in the bazaar , the consistent cream the beyond , while the agnate accouterment of accident blockage armamentarium will be more. Meanwhile, the accouterment for accident blockage armamentarium resale affairs will abate broker activity for the asset -backed balance , thereby finer inhibited the bearing of banking bubbles , abbreviation the asset securitization participants due to boundless amplification of banking asset securitization balloon acquired by abortion the could could cause of the banking risk.
 
Finally, in the accident blockage affairs , the government can accrue a huge bulk of asset securitization accident blockage armamentarium , if absorption ante abatement occurs , prices alone and the accident of asset securitization arrangement failures acquired by accustomed disasters acquired by the bazaar agitation , the government has acceptable banking backbone to assimilate the bazaar adjustment , and advance the advantageous development of the banking markets.