[Abstract]: The Scarlet Letter makes the American writer Nathaniel Hawthorne
known all around the world. Hawthorne uses the symbolism so skillful that it
enhances the artistic effects of his work greatly. This paper researches the
symbolism in this novel from the following aspects: the changing symbolic meaning
of the scarlet letter, the names of the major characters and many objects that
are described in the novel to make the symbolism clear to the readers. [Keywords]:
The Scarlet Letter, symbolism
[摘要 ] ： 《红字》使美国作家霍桑誉满全球，作者在作品中采用的象征手法贯穿始终的、无处不在，加强了作品的艺术效果。本文从红字的多种象征意义、主要人物的人命寓意以及景物寓意等方面入手，研究《红字》中的象征手法。
Nathaniel Hawthorne is considered to be the first greatest American fiction
writer in the moralistic tradition. His work The Scarlet Letter that is notable
for its allegory and symbolism is regarded as the first symbolic novel in American
literature. The novel revolves around one major symbol: the scarlet letter.
Besides, some other objects that are described in the novel have their symbolic
meanings. Moreover, the names of the four major characters': Hester Prynne,
Arthur Dimmesdale, Roger Chillingworth and Pearl also have their symbolic meanings.
The Scarlet Letter is a novel of much symbolic.
1. Different meanings of the scarlet letter "A":
1.1 The Changes of the Symbolic Meaning of the Scarlet Letter "A".
1.1.2 Alone and Alienation
1.1.3 Able, Admirable and Angel
2. The Symbolic Meaning of the four Major Characters' Names:
2.1 Hester Prynne
2.2 Arthur Dimmesdale
2.3 Roger Chillingworth
3. The Symbolic Meanings of the Objects that are Described in the Novel.
Symbolism is a traditional artistic form; it also is a major feature of Romanticism.
As a famous writer of romanticism, Hawthorne is skillful at the using of symbolism
in his works. The various usage of symbolism in The Scarlet Letter makes the
novel a work of the world.
Hawthorne Nathaniel , 1981,The Scarlet letter, Bantam Books, USA
Holy Bible, 1995, Nanjing, China Christian Council
陈素英， 1997 ，浅谈《红字》中的象征手法，福建外语第4期
高淑兰， 1994 ，《红字》人物形象分析，黑龙江教育学院学报第4期
胡荫桐，刘树森， 1997 ，《美国文学教程》，天津，南开大学出版社
霍桑， 1991 ，《红字》，北京，人民文学出版社