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基于礼貌原则的高中英语教师课堂话语分析——以眉山中学为例

日期:2020年08月23日 编辑:ad201107111759308692 作者:无忧论文网 点击次数:57
论文价格:300元 论文编号:lw202008111118002052 论文字数:72522 所属栏目:英语教学论文
论文地区:中国 论文语种:English 论文用途:硕士毕业论文 Master Thesis

本文是一篇英语教学论文,本研究主要探讨Leech的礼貌原则在高中英语教师课堂话语中的运用。本研究通过对12个班级的课堂观察、录音、教师课堂话语记录、对6名教师的访谈以及对343名学生的问卷调查,回答和探讨了这三个研究问题。主要发现如下。首先,根据课堂观察结果和转录本。我们通过对英语教师课堂话语的研究,可以得出六条礼貌准则(得体准则、慷慨准则、一致准则、赞许准则、谦虚准则和同情准则)。在这些准则中,利奇的礼貌原则中的得体准则是被观察到的6位教师课堂话语中使用频率最高的准则。在策略准则中,教师运用策略准则的具体情况有五种。它们是在教学前对学生的问候;使用一般的疑问句,如“你能……/你想……/你愿意吗?”…?在课堂结束时,请学生用“绝对性”来回答问题,而不是用“命令式”来引导学生。


Chapter OneIntroduction


1.1 Background of the Research

Living in a country with rituals and courtesy, Chinese people always pay greatattention to politeness, morality, and graciousness that are stressed extremely no matterin career or in people’s daily life in order to establish and maintain harmonious personalrelationships. For example, the famous Chinese scholar Confucius proposed “not to saythings which do not conform to the politeness” as the highest principle of discourse andcommunication criterion (Deng Qitong, Wang Chuan, & Liu Bo, 2007, p. 258). Indeed,politeness is the best form of expression as the practical application of good etiquetteand manners. As Leech (1983, p. 3) defined in 1993, “politeness is the avoidance ofstrategic conflict that can be measured in terms of the investment and effort in buildingand maintaining comity and good relationship”. In addition, Holmes and Wilson (2017,p. 30) claimed that being linguistically polite refers to speak appropriately and choosesuitable polite form in different time and context to understand the dimension offormality and social values. Therefore, politeness plays an essential role in humancommunication and social interaction. However, according to Goffman (1967, p. 48),politeness is not something people are born with, but something they have to learn andsocialize. People can acquire politeness communication skills through social interaction.In the process of politeness acquisition and application, some principles and strategiesshould be used to ensure more effective and harmonious communication. Among them,Leech’s (1983, p. 6) politeness principle identifies and categorizes politeness into sixmaxim (tact, agreement, approbation, generosity, modest, and sympathy), which is suitable to Chinese language context that pays more attention to euphemism and indirectspeech acts to enhance harmonious and smooth social communication and interaction.

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1.2 Purpose and Significance of the Research

1.2.1 Purpose of the Research

There are three purposes for this research.

Firstly, as we know, politeness language accounts important part in teachers’classroom discourse. But using politeness language improperly will decrease positiveeffects of discourse because of face broken. Therefore, this study will adopt classobservation, audio record, and transcription methods to qualitatively analyze how dopoliteness principles used in senior high school English teachers’ classroom discourse toenhance smooth verbal communication and effective teaching process.

Secondly, because of inborn character diversity on gender, male and femaleteachers may emphasis on using different maxims or different proportion of each maxim(tact maxim, generosity maxim, approbation maxim, modesty maxim, agreement maxim,sympathy maxim) based on Leech’s politeness principle for English classroomdiscourse. Consequently, this study will use the transcription of teachers’ utterancesspoken in English classroom and interview results of teachers to analyze the similaritiesand differences of politeness principles used by male and female teachers in classroomdiscourse.

Thirdly, this study is a practical study of English teaching, there should be somepractical significance to English language teaching. As Yao Peizhi (2014, p. 61) claimed,“Both the teaching effects and the cultivation of learners’ other abilities are affected bythe teacher’s classroom discourse level”. As a result, this study will adopt classroomobservations, teachers’ interviews, and students’ questionnaires to explore theinfluences of using politeness principle to senior high school English languageclassr

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